Islam and Original Sin

Islam’s concept of Religion and Original Sin
“Al-Hamdu Lillaahi Rabbil ‘Aalameen was Salatu 
was Salaamu ‘alaa Asrafil Anbiyaa’e wal Mursaleen”
“Oo see kum Ibad’allah Bi Taqwa’llah”
Wa Ba’d:
Alal Muslimeena Jami’ah!
The Islamic concept of religion is unique in the broadest sense of the word. True religion must come from Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala for the right guidance of mankind. This conception leads to only one conclusion, and that is: There is only ONE True Religion that emanates from the One Supreme Creator of the heavens and the earth, to deal with the outstanding human problems of all times. This religion is ISLAM. At this juncture, it must be pointed out that Islam was not taught by Nabee Muhammad Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam alone.

Beloved Ummatal Muslimeen! On the contrary, Islam had been taught by all the Prophets’ Alayhim Salaam before Nabee Muhammad Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam, and the true followers of Nabee Ebrahim, Nabee Moosa as well as those of Nabee Esa (Jesus Christ) Alayhim Salaam. They were all called MUSLIMS. Islam therefore has been, and will continue to be, the true universal religion of Almighty Allah, because Allah is One and Changeless, and because human nature and major human needs are fundamentally the same, irrespective of time and place, of race and age, and of any other considerations. Almighty Allah informs us in verse 78 of Surahtul Al Hajj:

“……..the Creed of your father Abraham. It is He (Allah) Who has 
named you Muslims, both before and in this (book), that the Apostle 
may be a witness for you, and you be  witnesses for mankind.”

Of all the major religions of the world, Islam stands apart in that it does not derive its name from a tribe or a person, like Judaism (from Judea), Christianity (from Christ), Buddhism (from Buddha) or Zaroastrianism (from Zarathushtra). Islam does not derive its name from the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam. Islam derives from two sources, Taslim, i.e. submission, and Salam, i.e. peace, and it is, in essence, a complete and integrated ideology that governs the relationship between man and his Creator and the relationships of human beings amongst themselves.

Bearing this in mind, the Islamic concept maintains that religion is not only a spiritual and intellectual necessity but also a social and universal need. It is not to bewilder man but to guide him. It is not to debase him but to elevate his moral nature. It is not to deprive him of anything useful, or to burden him, or to oppress his qualities but to open for him inexhaustible treasures of sound thinking and right action. It is not to confine him to narrow limits but to launch him into wide horizons of truth and goodness. In short, ISLAM acquaints man with his Creator as well as with himself and the rest of the universe. This is by no means an oversimplification of the functions of religion.

O you who believe! Islam educates man and trains him in hope and patience, in truthfulness and honesty, in love for the right and good, in courage and endurance, all of which are required for the mastery of the great art of living. Moreover, Islam insures man against fear, and spiritual losses, and assures him of Almighty Allah’s aid and unbreakable alliance. It provides man with peace and security and makes his life meaningful. That is what Islam can do for humanity, and that is the concept of religion in Islam.

When the purpose of true religion is carefully examined, it will be found that Islam satisfies the spiritual and moderate material needs of man. It unties his psychological knots and complexes, sublimates his instincts and aspirations, and disciplines his desires and the whole course of life. It purifies the soul from evil, clears the mind from doubts, strengthens the character and corrects the thinking and convictions of man. ISLAM, which constitutes the first stage, consists of pronouncing verbally the twofold testimonies [Shahadatayn], i.e.

“I bear witness that there is no god except Almighty 
Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah
and it is the dividing line between the faithful and the faithless.

Imaan, which is the second stage consists of the gnosis of the import of the Shahadatayn, and it is the dividing line between the faithful one and the hypocrite, for the hypocrite is someone whose outward conduct differs from his inner character. That which is implied by the Shahadatayn is gnosis of the Unity of the Glorious Creator and Sustainer of the heavens and the earth and the Truth of all that which the Beloved Nabee Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam has brought. Its effect on one’s outward conduct would be to abandon the worship and service of anything other than the One Creator – Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala and to obey and follow the Sunnah of Rahmatul Liel Ala’meen – Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam. We are commanded in verse 153 of Surahtul Al-An’am:

“And verily this is My Path, the Straight one, so follow it and do not
follow other paths for they will scatter you from His Path; this He
enjoins upon you that you may be wary.”

Alal Muslimeena Jami’ah! Islam not only shatters previous forms in the name of the spirit, however, it also imposes its own form in place of those it has shattered. It is that form, or exterior, which constitutes the gateway to its spirit, or interior, which, by virtue of its content and the position of Islam in the line of succession of revealed religions, is more comprehensive that any other.  Islam does not violate the truths of the previously revealed religions; rather it confirms them. What Islam shatters is what is false in the other religions because of corruption and deviation or because of the temporal limitations of their validity as we learn from verse 18 of Surahtul Al-Anbiyaa:

“Nay, but We hurl the Truth against falsehood so that it shatters its head
and it disappears; and woe unto you for what you attribute (to Him).”

Ayyatuhal Muslimeen! Another area of variance between Islam and Christianity is the concept of original sin. According to the Bible, the devil tempted Eve [peace be upon her] to eat from the forbidden tree, and then she tempted Adam [peace be upon him.] to do the same: thus committing the sin. They were then punished by being banished in shame to planet earth, with more blame befalling Eve as the prime perpetrator:

“Unto the woman He said: I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; 
in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children, and thy desire shall be to thy husband 
and he shall rule over thee.” (Genesis 3:16).
The common Christian teaching is that all human beings inherit that sin, and that every newborn is born in sin. In the Qur’anic version of this event, the devil (Shaytaan) tempted both Nabee Adam  and Bibi Hawa (Eve), Alayhim Salaam, they both sinned, they both repented, and both of them were forgiven by Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala, and that was the end of the original sin: [Surahtul Al A’raf verses 20 & 21].
“So shaytaan whispered suggestions to them in order to reveal to them their 
shame that was hidden from them (before)….He said to the two of them, “Your 
Lord only forbade you this tree lest you become angels or such beings as live 
forever”, and he swore to them both that he was their sincere advisor.” 
After their repentance, Nabee Adam Alayhis Salaam:
“learnt from his Rabb certain words and his Lord forgave him, 
for He is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful” (Surah Al-Baqara verse 37).
Nabee Adam Alayhis Salaam was then raised to prophethood and the human race was delegated to earth as Almighty Allah’s vicegerent. Shaytaan swore to follow them and corrupt them,  but Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala promised to provide them with such guidance as to immunize them against Shaytaan’s plots, except those who willed to turn their backs to divine guidance. Every human being therefore is born pure, and it is only later on that our choices blemish us and make us sinners. Sin, according to Islam, is not something that children inherit from their parents. In this respect, Islam emphasizes that accountability is individual:[Surahtul Al-Israa verse 15].

“Whoever receives guidance receives it for his (or her) own benefit, 
and whoever goes astray does so to his (or her) own loss. 
No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another.” 

The idea of vicarious sacrifice is therefore alien to Islam, and the claim that Jesus (Alayhis Salaam), or anyone else, had to be crucified in atonement for human sins, is totally unacceptable. Almighty Allah’s forgiveness, in Islam is to be sought through sincere repentance and doing righteousness, without need for bloodshed. The role of forgiveness, whether between individuals, tribes or nations, is of the essence of Islam. Even when the law intervenes by meting out a punishment commensurate with an aggression, the wronged party is encouraged to forgive: (Surahtul Ash-Shura verse 40).

“The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree), but if 
a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah.” 
And in verse 22 of Surahtul An Nur:
“And let them forgive, and let them forgo: don’t 
you love that Allah should forgive you?” 

Alhumdulillah! An individual can ask Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala any time, any place, for forgiveness directly; he or she needs no intermediary or intercession, for every human being, male or female, has a direct line to the Glorious Creator: whenever they cry and beg for mercy and forgiveness. Almighty Allah Most Merciful responds and forgives. To go to a fellow mortal for confession, upon which he would say something to the effect of, “Go my child, you have been forgiven,” has no place whatsoever in Islam”. Forgiveness is the domain of Almighty Allah Alone, and no one else is ever in a position to play His role. These doctrinal differences are neither trivial nor to be ignored, yet it would be foolish and counterproductive to fight or hate one another over them. Debate over differences of belief should abide by the highest ethics of civilized debate as shown to us in verse 46 of Surahtul Al-Ankabut:

“And dispute not with the People of the Book except in the most kindly 
manner – unless it be those of them who wronged – but say “We believe 
in the Revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down 
to you; our God and your God is One, and it is to Him we submit in Islam.” 

Ma’a sheral Muslimeen! Notwithstanding the serious differences between the views of Christians and Muslims, Islam is very keen on expounding the common grounds and enjoying their spaciousness: [Surahtul Al-i-Imran verse 64].

“Say: O People of the Book….come to common terms as between us and you, 
that we worship none but God, that we associate no partners with Him, that 
we erect not from among ourselves Lords and Partners other than God: if they 
then turn back, then say ‘Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims 
(submitters to God’s Will.” 

Beloved people of Imaan! Beyond that, relations should remain peaceful and friendly. The philosophy of love as a basic motivation is not new, but in our times most people do not seriously embrace it. It extends across religion and race, hence the importance for its adherents to reach out and join one another. It is a need felt by all of humanity. Yes, the world could change. But that will never come about without diligent, selfless effort on the part of those who believe in its importance.

And Almighty Allah knows best.

The Truth is from Almighty Allah Most Exalted.

The errors are mine and I stand to be corrected.
Baarak Allaahu Feekum wa-sal Allaahu wa-Sallam ‘alaa
Nabiyyinaa Muhammad Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam.
Was Salamualakum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuhoo

Abdul Hamid Lachporia

Please be advised that you are more than welcomed to use and share
my Khutbah’s for propagational purposes without my prior consent.