Tafseer of Sura Qaaf 3

A-úthu billáhi minash shaytánir rajeem. Bisilláhir rahmánir raheem.

Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaani Ar-Raheem

[Arabic introduction]

My Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam,

From the tafseer of Surat Qaaf the arguments of the unbelievers and the doubters were examined and each argument advanced had been repudiated proving that the Day of Resurrection is an indisputable fact. Such people were invited to consider the creation of the heavens and the earth and all that is on earth that Allah has provided for mankind. But Allah categorically states that only those who turn to Him will understand His Signs.

To continue:

And We send down from the sky rain charged with blessing, and We produce therewith gardens and grain for harvest ~ And tall stately palm trees with shoots of fruit stalks, piled one over another ~ and sustenance for Allah’s servants, and We give life therewith to land that is dead, thus will be the Resurrection’

Allah likens the rising of mankind from the dead to the coming to life of seeds after Allah blesses it with water. The scholar Mohammed bin Ahmed Al-Ansaari Al-Qurtoby, May Allah have Mercy on him, in his voluminous work briefly known as Al-Tathkiraa (The Reminder), narrated a long hadeeth from Abu Hurayrah, May Allah be Pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said:

‘Then will Allah send down upon you water from under the Throne known as the Water of Life. The heavens will rain on you for forty years until water rises above you some twelve arms lengths.’

’Then Allah, the Exalted, will command the bodies to grow like tender plants and like vegetables’

Then Allah, the Almighty, commands:

“Let every soul (spirit) return to its own body.” The souls shall pass through the earth to the bodies and then enter through the nose’

‘Then will the earth open up and expose you’

‘Before them was denied (the Heareafter) by the people of Noah, the companions of the Rass, the Thamud, The A’ad, Pharoah, the brethren of Lut, The companions of the Wood and the people of Tubba’a ; each one (of them) rejected the messengers, and My warning was duly fulfilled in them’

The scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah, May Allah have Mercy on him, said that these ayat serve a dual purpose – that the earlier Prophets, peace be on our Prophet and upon them, were sent with a similar message but their peoples did not believe them and consequently suffered the fates that they did and that Mohammed (pbuh) is indeed a Prophet and a Messenger of Allah as this Holy Book, the Qura’an narrates some stories about the earlier nations as the scriptures of did Jews and Christians did. He certainly did not learn them from teachers or books. This book is truly the Word of Allah revealed to His Final Messenger – no sane person can deny that.

[Arabic dua to close]

Second Khutbah:

Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaani Ar-Raheem

[Arabic introduction]

Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam,

‘ Were We then weary with the first creation that they should be in confused doubt about a new creation’

Some scholars understood the word (Afa ayyinah?) to mean (Afa Ajiznah?) – and thus the ayah would mean “Were We then unable to create the first creation or disabled after the first creation?”

Glorified be Allah.

Others, as in the translation I read earlier took the word to mean tired-out or wearied. Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawzziyah, May Allah have Mercy on him, wrote that the word has a much broader meaning – the Arabic word he chose (Al-hayrah) or (Adem Al-Ihtia’a) – the nearest English translation:

‘Were We then non-plussed’ or ‘Were We then at a loss?’

Glorified be Allah Who neither sleeps nor experiences death.

‘It was We Who created man, and We know what suggestions his soul makes to him, for We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.’

The nearness of Allah to man is through His Angels and His Power. This is confirmed by the ayah that follows:

‘Behold, two (guardian angels) appointed to learn (his doings), learn (and note them). One sitting on the right and one on the left’

“Not a word does he utter but there is a vigilant Guardian”.

These two brief ayat inform us that both words and deeds are recorded and, as we shall see later, these records will be presented to every person on the Day of Resurrection.

Let man contemplate on his own creation – from what he is created and the abilities, capabilities, powers and faculties that he is endowed with. Serious contemplation of ones creation will undoubtedly lead him to believe in the Creator and all that His Messengers have related.

[Arabic dua to close]

Ameen! Aqeemus salaah!